John gospel dating
Acts thus provides the historical outline of the apostles’ ministry in the life of the early church.
This becomes crucial to our understanding of much of what we have in the epistles, which were historical letters written to living people in historical places.
He writes: Most of us, perhaps, are familiar with the parallel which has often been noted between the four Gospels and the four “living creatures” in the opening vision of the prophet Ezekiel. John immediately (1:1-2) focuses the reader on the deity of Christ by presenting Jesus as the eternal Son of God who gives eternal and abundant life to all who would receive Him by believing in Him (John ; -18, 36; ).
The four “living creatures,” or cherubim, are thus described in Ezekiel : “As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side; and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.” The lion symbolizes supreme strength, kingship; the man, highest intelligence; the ox, lowly service; the eagle, heavenliness, mystery, Divinity. Though written to all mankind, John’s Gospel is especially written to the church.
Matthew, who was one of the original disciples of Jesus, was a Jew writing to Jews about the One who was their own Messiah. Matthew worked as a publican collecting taxes in Palestine for the Romans until he was called by the Lord to follow Him (Matt. His quick response may suggest his heart had already been stirred by the ministry of Jesus. 140, but “the fact that the destruction of Jerusalem in A. 70 is viewed as an event yet future (24:2) seems to require an earlier date.
What that something is is told us in Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.Though each Gospel has its distinct emphasis and purpose, the first three are sometimes referred to as the Synoptic Gospels because they “see together,” that is, they have the same point of view with regard to the life of Christ, agreeing in subject matter and order.Further, they also present the life of Christ in a way that complements the picture given in the Gospel of John.The New Testament, then, is a historical book of the Good News of the living God at work in human history, not just in the past, but in the living present and the future in light of the promises of God.Before beginning a survey of each of the Gospels, it might be well to say a bit about the use of the term, The Synoptic Gospels.
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Thus, under the inspiration of the Spirit, the Gospel writers set about to reveal just who Jesus really was as to His person and work. Mark seems to be addressed to the Romans, a people of action but of few words, and presents Jesus as the Servant of the Lord who came “to give His life a ransom for many.” In keeping with this, Mark, the shortest of the Gospels, is vivid, active or lively, and presents a very clear eyewitness account, especially of the last week of Jesus’ life on earth.